Olofsen Security Consultancy

In immensely networked systems, organizations cannot protect confidentiality, integrity and availability of data without implementing an effective and reliable
security training program.
According to a Kaspersky Lab report, more than 46 percent of cybersecurity incidents are due to human error and enterprises suffer multimillion-dollar losses recovering from staff-related disasters.
For example, uninformed workers can harm a secure network by responding to
phishing emails, visiting web pages infected with a malware program or storing their confidential information in an insecure storage location.

Top 10 Trainings

1. Clean Desk Policy
Sensitive information on a desk such as sticky notes, papers and printouts can easily be taken by thieving hands and seen by prying eyes. According to the mandates of a clean desk policy, the only papers that should be left out are ones relevant to the current project you are working on. All sensitive and confidential information should be removed from the desk at the end of each working day. During lunch or any emergency departure during office time, all critical information should be placed in a locked desk drawer.

2. Bring-Your-Own-Device (BYOD) Policy
BYOD covers the employees’ personal computing possessions which might be used in a work setting. They may include mobile devices, audio players, digital cameras and various other portable electronic devices which could be utilized to steal sensitive data.
BYODs are also a part of “IT consumerization,” whereby a consumer’s hardware and/or software is brought into the organization. Ensuring the security of devices within BYOD is a daunting task. However, enterprises can achieve it by implementing a proactive security training program. This program should include the following best practices for your employees:

3. Data Management
There are numerous types of data (such as a backup copy of customer contracts or mission statements) and a lot of employees may not be aware of this fact. These employees do not realize the significance of classified data. For example, from a financial standpoint, a backup copy of a customer contract is more important than a backup copy of a mission statement. Employees should learn about all the types of data so that they can understand their business criticality.

4. Removable Media
It’s more common than you think for employees to find a removable thumb drive or external hard drive in the parking lot, bring it inside and plug it into their computer to see who it belongs to, only to find the device was planted there to either destroy or take over their computer with malware. The secure usage of both personally-owned devices and corporate devices is crucial. Unauthorized removable media may invite data security issues, malware infection, hardware failure, and copyright infringement.
Your corporate personnel must be educated about the menaces of unsolicited removable media and prohibited from accessing any stray media such as an external hard drive, even if it’s on a secured system.

5. Safe Internet Habits
Almost every worker, especially in tech, has access to the Internet. For this reason, the secure usage of the Internet is of paramount importance for companies. Security training programs should incorporate safe Internet habits that prevent attackers from penetrating your corporate network. Below is a list of some safe Internet habits for your employees:

6. Physical Security and Environmental Controls
Security awareness isn’t just about what resides in your company’s computers or handheld devices. Employees should be aware of potential security issues originating in physical aspects of the workplace. This includes spatial awareness as well as physical components.
Examples of spatial issues include:

7. Social Networking Dangers
Nowadays, enterprises use social networking as a powerful tool to build a brand (either locally or globally) and generate online sales. Unfortunately, social networking also opens the floodgates for phishing attacks that can lead your company towards an immense disaster. For example, Facebook shared its users’ data without their permission to third-party apps developers. News Corp Australia Network reported on May 1, 2018 that it was not just Facebook, either: Twitter also sold users’ data to Cambridge Analytica Ltd (CA), a British political consulting firm that was influencing the U.S. 2016 elections.
To prevent the loss of critical data, the enterprise must have a viable social networking training program that should limit the use of social networking and guide employees with regard to the menace of phishing attacks. In addition, ask your employees not to provide their credentials or login information to unknown sites or sites that are similar to the original one. For example, the user must carefully see the difference between www.yahoo.com and www.yahooo.com.

8. Email Scams
Email scams involve fraudulent and unsolicited emails that claim to offer a bargain for nothing. A scam email lures a user for the free offer, bogus business opportunity, guaranteed loans or credit, easy money, health and diet schemes and so forth. According to the Federal Trade Commission, scammers were duping numerous soccer fans with phishing emails to entice them with totally fake and “free” trips to the World Cup.
The security training program of your organization has to include some tips for employees to make them aware of the email scams and educate them about avoiding these scams. Below is a list of tips your employees should know or learn:

9. Malware
A training session on malware should illustrate malware types and their implications. Malware types should include adware, spyware, viruses, Trojans, backdoors, rootkits, ransomware, botnets, logic bombs and armored viruses. Employees should learn how to identify malware and what to do if their device or network has been infected. The immediate response should be to turn off the system or device and inform the security management team.

10. Hoaxes
A hoax is defined as a falsehood or deception that is fabricated deliberately to subterfuge and victimize the users. The attackers generally use hoaxes through emails to harm employees.
A hoax email often notifies users about supposed imminent threats. For instance, a hoax might inform you that your computer will be badly compromised if you don’t turn off it at 3 a.m. on Friday the 13th.
A useful training program should teach employees about hoaxes. Instead of trusting a hoax, employees should learn how to respond to them. Only emails that are verified by your security department and relevant to your corporate business should be trusted. In case of any threatening email, immediately alert your IT security department.

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